When: February 1990

Where: South Africa

After being imprisoned for 27 years, Nelson Mandela and F.W. De Klerk reached an agreement in late 1989 to legalize the previously banned ANC after the fall of the Berlin Wall made it clear that apartheid’s end was inevitable. In February 1990, Mandela was released unconditionally along with other ANC prisoners. De Klerk’s goal in this was to strike a peaceful end to apartheid which would come years later.

Further Reading:

Jacklin, Heather and C.J. Peter Vale. Re-Imagining the Social in South Africa: Critique, Theory and Post-Apartheid Society. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2009.

Khan, Jamil F. Khamr: The Makings of a Waterslams. South Africa: Jacana Media, Ltd., 2020.

Mandela, Nelson. Long Walk to Freedom. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2008.

Myre, Greg. “The Day Nelson Mandela Walked Out of Prison.” Parallels. NPR. June 27, 2013.

The Nelson Mandela Foundation. 

Newman, Katherine and Ariane De Lannoy. After Freedom: The Rise of the Post-Apartheid Generation in Democratic South Africa. Boston: Beacon Press, 2014.

Tutu, Desmond and John Allen. The Rainbow People of God: The Making of a Peaceful Revolution. New York: Double Day, 1994.