Journeys through the Black Atlantic:

Exploring the political aspirations and achievements of Black Atlantic people and cultures

The Black Atlantic is a network of cultures spanning Africa, North and South America, the Caribbean and Europe forged, in the first instance, by the transatlantic slave trade. This timeline records some of the political, intellectual, aesthetic and activist work done in this transnational cultural formation since 1945.

1990

01

Feb

Nelson Mandela Freed

After being imprisoned for 27 years, Nelson Mandela and F.W. De Klerk reached an agreement in late 1989 to legalize the previously banned…

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1989

04

Jul

Public Enemy Releases “Fight the Power”

The 1980s recognized a global emergence of a new generation of Black youth who interpreted the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s…

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1988

01

Aug

Unrest in LA

Over the course of August 1988, “Operation Hammer” resulted in in dozens of families being left homeless after more than 80 officers raided apartment buildings in South LA. This event solidified…

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1981

10

Apr

Brixton Riots

The Brixton Riots were a series of violent confrontations between police and protestors as a result of increased police presence in the community that was already tense due to being disproportionately…

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1977

18

Feb

Fela Kuti Releases “Zombie”

Inspired by The Black Panther party while travelling in the United States in 1969, Fela Kuti released the album Zombie that attacked the corrupt Nigerian…

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1963

21

Dec

Sam Cooke Records “A Change is Gonna Come”

Inspired by Bob Dylan’s “Blowin’ in the Wind” and after his tourmates were arrested for trying to book a ‘whites only’ hotel, Cooke recorded and released the song which became a massive success in the Black community…

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1960

23

Sep

Kwame Nkrumah Addresses the United Nations

Nkrumah’s address called for an end to white supremacy and discussed Africa’s role in the world and the future role of the world in Africa…

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1945

15

Oct

The Fifth Pan-African Congress Demands the End of Colonialism

After an 18 year hiatus, the Pan-African Congress reconvened for the fifth time after WWII in 1945 in Manchester, England. This Congress was…

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